Eye ConditionsFinding the right eyewear for you

Short sighted – myopia

Short-sightedness is a common eye condition that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can be seen clearly.

It’s thought to affect up to one in three people in the UK and is becoming more common.

The medical term for short-sightedness is myopia.

The symptoms of short-sightedness often start around puberty and gradually get worse until the eye is fully grown.

If distant objects appear fuzzy to you or if your child is finding it difficult to see things in the distance, such as the blackboard at school, you should make an appointment for a sight test.

Long Sighted – hyperopia

Long-sightedness, also known as hyperopia, affects a person’s ability to see objects close to them.

Vision problems such as long-sightedness are often referred to as refractive errors.

If you are long-sighted, you will usually be able to see distant objects clearly, but nearby objects will be out of focus. Your eyes may also get tired easily.

Children are sometimes born long-sighted. The problem usually corrects itself as the child’s eyes develop. However, it is important for children to have regular eyes tests, because long-sightedness that does not correct itself can lead to other eye-related problems.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a common and usually minor eye condition that causes blurred or distorted vision.

It occurs when the cornea or lens isn’t a perfectly curved shape. Many people who wear glasses have some degree of astigmatism.

Left untreated, astigmatism can cause headaches, eye strain and fatigue (tiredness), particularly after doing tasks that involve focusing on something for long periods, such as reading or using a computer.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia usually starts to occur at around age 45, when people experience blurred near vision when reading, sewing or working at the computer.

When people develop presbyopia, they find they need to hold reading materials at arm’s length in order to focus properly. When they perform near work, such as embroidery or handwriting, they may develop headaches, eye strain or feel fatigued.

Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision.

Keratoconus can occur in one or both eyes and often begins during a person’s teens or early 20s the cornea becomes more irregular in shape, it causes progressive near sightedness and astigmatism to develop, creating additional problems with distorted and blurred vision. Glare and light sensitivity also may occur.

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